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several of these are prominent and influential papers. There
are nearly four thousand others, with an average circulation of
less than one thousand. These sheets, semi-illiterate and always
wildlv contradictory, arc seriously quoted by Congress propa-
gandists as the opinion of the Indian people.1

These are harsh remarks but they are the result of bitter experi-
ence. Any man with a wide knowledge of the world's Press will
probably agree that in no part of Europe, the Empire, or the
Americas has he encountered anything even vaguely comparable
with the corruption and dishonesty of Hindu journalism.
Lying is carried to a tine art; there is the lie direct and the lie
indirect, the lie of commission and of omission, the lie of sugges-
tion, imputation, and insinuation. Here is an example. When I
was ill I cabled back to England an article which was intended as
& sincere tribute to the Indian doctors who were attending me. In
this article there was also high praise of the skill and devotion of
Hindu nurses.. .although it was pointed out that the lamentable
shortage of nurses was unfortunately due to the low estimation
of the profession, by the mass of Indian women. The conclusion
of the article was :
* There is a great future for Indian medicine, provided that it is
allowed to develop freely, not only by the British but by the Indians
1 It is significant that the two largest circulations in India both belong to news-
papers in the English language, the Times of India and the Calcutta Statesman t each
have roughly 70,000 readers. The Titties has no business interests behind it; it
-actually pays its pwn way. Other famous papers in English are the Madras Mail*
the Civil and Military Gazette of Lahore and the Pioneer. The latter, which is
published in Lucknow, still has a faint atmosphere of romance hovering over its
pages, for it was Kipling's paper, and in the old days it sold all over India at the
very large sum of a rupee per copy. It was a Tory of Tories, and though it refused
to march with the times it was astonishingly well informed, with its own special
Correspondents all over Europe. It had an aristocratic contempt for modern
innovations ; until 1926 all the type was set by handó300 pairs of hands 1 It was
always late with the news, and did not condescend to start printing till 11 a.m.
Since those grand old days it has gone through many vicissitudes and to-day it gives
the impression of a seedy old gentleman pathetically trying to adjust himself to an
.age be does not understand.